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Art History and Museums

Home >> Mexico Cultural Directory >> Art History and Museums

Art historyMexico is known worldwide for its folk art traditions, mostly derived from a combination of the indigenous and Spanish crafts. Particularly notable among handicrafts are the clay pottery made in the valley of Oaxaca and the bird and animal figures made in the village of Tonala. Colorfully embroidered cotton garments, cotton or wool shawls and outer garments, and colorful baskets and rugs are seen everywhere. Between the Spanish conquest and the early Twentieth Century, Mexican fine arts were largely in imitation of European traditions. After the Mexican Revolution, a new generation of Mexican artists led a vibrant national movement that incorporated political, historic, and folk themes in their work. The painters Diego Rivera, José Clemente Orozco, and David Alfaro Siqueiros became world famous for their grand scale murals, often displaying clear social messages. Rufino Tamayo and Frida Kahlo (Rivera's wife) produced more personal works with abstract elements. Mexican art photography was largely fostered by the work of Manuel Alvarez Bravo.

General Art Information  
  arrow Alebrijes - traditional Mexican handicraft representing a animal-like creature carved from wood.
arrow Mexican Artists - List of different artists throughout Mexico's History
arrow Oaxacan Black Clay Pots - traditional technique used in Oaxaca, Mexico for the production of pottery.

Galleries and Museums