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Mexican Political Parties

Home >> Mexico Information >> Mexican Political Parties
Mexico has a multi-party system, which means that there are more than two dominant political parties. In Mexico there are three large political parties the PRI, the PAN, and the PRD. Other smaller political parties survive in isolation or by forming local coalitions with any of the big three.

The parties
Mexico has a multi-party system, which means that there are more than two dominant political parties. In Mexico there are three large political parties the PRI, the PAN, and the PRD. Other smaller political parties survive in isolation or by forming local coalitions with any of the big three. Following the 2003 election, Mexico had six nationally recognized political parties. National recognition was given to those parties that secured representation in Congress. In terms of their congressional representation and share of the national vote, only the PRI, the PAN and the PRD can be considered major parties. Under Mexican law, parties are listed in the order in which they were first registered:

  National Action Party

PAN
National Action Party (Partido Acción Nacional) - a right of center party. It is the party of incumbent President Vicente Fox and current president-elect Felipe Calderón. After the 2006 general election it became the largest party in Congress.
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Institutional Revolutionary Party

PRI
Institutional Revolutionary Party (Partido Revolucionario Institucional) - the dominating party, under different names, at the local, state, and national levels for most of the 20th century. Although a part of the Socialist International, it is most often perceived as left of center...
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Party of the Democratic Revolution PRD
Party of the Democratic Revolution (Partido de la Revolución Democrática) - a left of center party. Born as "Democratic Front", a splinter group of the PRI, in the 1988 elections. Its first candidate and founder, Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas, lost the 1988 presidential election under dubious circumstances...
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Labour Party PT
Labour Party (Partido del Trabajo) - Left-wing, Democratic socialism political party in Mexico. It was founded on December 8, 1990. The party is currently led by Alberto Anaya. It is often allied with the PRD for electoral purposes...
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Green Ecological Party of Mexico PVEM
Green Ecological Party of Mexico (Partido Verde Ecologista de México) - a minor party with an environmental platform. During most of its existence the party has been controversially managed by a single family...
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Convergencia Convergence
Convergencia, formerly Convergencia por la Democracia - is a political party in Mexico. It was previously known as Convergence for Democracy (Convergencia por la Democracia) but the party assembly decided, in August 2002, to adopt the shorter form of its name...
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Alternativa Socialdemócrata y Campesina Social Democratic and Farmer Alternative
Alternativa Socialdemócrata y Campesina - also known simply as Alternativa– a party formed by former members of the Social Democracy Party and the Cardenist Front of National Reconstruction. It was established in July 14, 2005...
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Nueva Alianza New Alliance
Nueva Alianza - originally created by academics of the Autonomous Technical Institute of Mexico and members of the National Teachers Union. It was established in July 14, 2005....
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Mexican state governments by party
Mexican state governments by party